Bryn Mawr College Library Special Collections

illumination from Gordan MS 51
Medieval & Renaissance Manuscripts

MS 31 Northern Europe, s. XV/XVI

Havens breviary, Franciscan use

1. ff. 1r-6v Graded Franciscan Calendar, in red and black.

Several additions added in contemporary hands. Among saints listed: Translatio Antonii de Padua (15 Feb.); Translatio Augustini (27 Feb.); Longin (15 Mar.); Vincentii (5 Apr.); Bernardini (20 May); Translacio Francisci (25 May); Antonii (13 June); Bonaventure (9 July); Ludovici (19 Aug. in red); Clare (12 Aug.); Translatio Clare (2 Oct.); Francisci (4 Oct.); Ludovici--Canonization (7 Nov.); Helysabeth reginae (Nov. 19 in red).

2. ff. 7r-158r Temporal from Advent through the fourth Sunday of November.

Lacunae between ff. 29 and 30; 32 and 33; 68 and 69; 112 and 113; 129 and 130; 137 and 138.

3. ff. 158r-163r General rubrics.

4. ff. 163r-164v In nomine Domini incipit benedictio aquae secundum ordinem romanae curiae... Lacuna between ff. 164 and 165.

5. ff. 165r-226r Psalter:

text begins imperfectly in Psalm 3: //menses: gloria mea et exaltans caput meum... Lacuna between ff. 185 and 186; 218 and 219.

6. ff. 226v-227v Canticles and Prayers:

Magnificat, Te Deum, Pater, Symbolum Apostolorum, Symbolum (Nicene).

7. ff. 227v-228v Litany with prayers.

Among the saints: Benedict, Dominic, Francis, Clare, Elizabeth.

8. ff. 228v-240r

Hymns for Vespers, Matins, and Lauds for the Temporal and the Sanctoral.

9. ff. 240r-241v Incipit ordo ad benedicendam mensam per totum annum.

10. ff. 241v-242v Ordo ad communicandum infirmum.

11. ff. 242v-243v Ordo ad inungendum infirmum.

Lacuna between ff. 243 and 244.

12. ff. 244r-330r

Sanctoral beginning imperfectly with Andrew (30 Nov.) and ending with Katherine (25 Nov.). Lacuna between ff. 300 and 301, and ff. 330 and 331.

13. f. 330r-v Feast of the Transfiguration.

14. ff. 331r-333r Common of Apostles and Evangelists.

15. ff. 333r-336v Common of One Martyr.

16. ff. 336v-338v Common of Martyrs. Lacuna between ff. 337 and 339.

17. ff. 339r-342r Common of Virgins begins imperfectly.

18. ff. 342r-343v Common of Feasts of the Virgin Mary. Lacuna between ff. 343 and 344.

19. ff. 344r-346v Office of the Dead ends imperfectly.

Lacuna between ff. 344 and 345. Remaining responses to the lessons at Matins: 4. Memento me, 5. Heu michi, 6. Ne recorderis, 7. Peccantem me, 8. Domine secundum, 9. Libera me.

Parchment. ff. 346, 147 x 100 (88 x 60) mm. Modern foliation. Written in two columns, 32 lines, ruled in ink with single vertical bounding lines, full across. Calendar is five columns ruled, but with no bounding lines.

I6, II8 (-1), III10, IV10 (-1), V-VI10, VII10 (-8), VIII-XI10, XII8, XIII10(-2), XIV10(-2, 9), XV-XVI10, XVII10(-1), XVIII10, XIX10 (-1), XX10, XXI10 (-9), XXII10 (-6, 7, 8, 9, 10), XXXIII10, XXIV10(-10), XXV10 (-1, 10), XXVI10 (-1, 2, 3, 4), XXVII10 (-1, 2, 3, 4, 6), XXVIII-XXX10, XXXI10 (-9, 10), XXXII10, XXXIII2, XXXIV 10 (-1, 10), XXXV10, XXXVI10 (-1, 2), XXXVII10 (-1, 10).

Catchwords either perpendicular to text along center bounding line in lower margin, or horizontally centered in lower margin, verso.

Written in an informal gothic hybrida.

Although the text has been badly mutilated and many illuminations probably have been removed, the two remaining illuminated initials and penwork flourishes are delightful. The 9-line historiated initial on f. 34v, an illustration of a haloed child with a sword through his throat against a blue and white background describes the Massacre of the Innocents. The initial itself is pink with white penwork, olive green, and tan on a gold ground with black rinceaux extensions terminating in gold-filled seed pods and a pink flower. The 8-line initial on f. 134r which shows a head and shoulders portrait of a 3-faced godhead is of similar design. It illustrates the Feast of the Trinity. There are several 8- to 5-line open-work red or blue initials on contrasting penwork grounds, either purple or red, with flowing extensions terminating in small penwork berries, leaves, or flowers. As well, most pages include at least one 6- to 2-line solid red or blue ink initial, with similar penwork. Additional 1-line initials and paragraph markers in blue or red, and extensive rubrication throughout. The parchment is fine, although there is a slight amount of water damage at the edges of a few pages.

Binding: Original blind-tooled leather over beveled oak boards with brass clasps, missing straps. Leather spine repair. On spine handwritten in ink on remnant of paper label: "Manuscrit/ Curieux/ Parchemin."

Written in Northern Europe; the reference to Longin in the calendar (15 March) suggests that our text was written after 1495. Early provenance unknown. Given to Bryn Mawr College on 14 Dec. 1979, by Dr. and Mrs. Paul Havens. Inside front cover: "Crozat" in ink. Bookplate of Edward H. Williams.


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Last Update: June 5, 2003