Bryn Mawr College Library Special Collections

illumination from Gordan MS 51

Medieval & Renaissance Manuscripts

MS 23 France, s. XV

Leighton hours, use of LeMans

1. ff. 1r- 12v Calendar of Bayeaux, in French, in red and black, rather sparse.

Avertin (5 May), Ceneri (7 May), Servais (13 May), Alnobert (May 16), Hortare (21 May), Ursin (11 June and 30 Dec.), Latuin (20 June), Dix mille martiers (22 June), Eustache (16 July), Mamer (17 July), Notre dame de la nef (5 Aug. in red), Michiel (16 Oct.), Romain (23 Oct.), Maturin (3 Nov.), Mande (18 Nov.), Gerboult (7 Dec), Prothais and Gervais (13 Dec.), Gratien(19 Dec.). Added in later hand: Ursin (11 June), Fiacre (30 Aug.), Lucas (18 Oct.).

2. ff. 12r-47r Hours of the Virgin, use of LeMans.

Text begins defectively in first Psalm of Matins: //dominus plebem suam quia in manu eius... Matins breaks off in Psalm 23 on f. 16v: ...haec est generatio quaerentium eum quaerentium faciem Dei Iacob// and resumes on f. 17r in the response to the first lesson: //quem celi capere non poterant tuo gremio contulisti... Matins ends on f. 19v. Lauds begins on f. 20r at second Psalm (Iubilate Deo). Lacuna between ff. 26 and 27, after end of Lauds. Prime begins on f. 27r imperfectly in first Psalm: //animam meam et non proposuerunt deum ante conspectum suum... Terce begins imperfectly in first Psalm: //illis impugnabant me gratis... Following Terce the text begins to alternate, each Hour of the Virgin succeeded by its respective Hour of the Cross and of the Holy Spirit. Thus on f. 32v the (incorrect) rubric for Matins of the Cross is immediately followed by the text for the Office of the Cross and the Office of the Holy Spirit for Terce. f. 33v ruled but blank. Lacuna after f. 33; f. 34r begins in second Psalm of Sext in the Office of the Virgin: //Israel nisi quia dominus erat in nobis... and is followed by the Office of the Cross and the Office for the Holy Spirit for the hour of Sext. Lacuna after f. 36. None of the Virgin begins on f. 37r in the first Psalm: //venientes autem venient cum ex exsultatione... followed by the Hours of the Cross and the Holy Spirit for None. f. 39v ruled but blank. Lacuna after f. 39. Vespers begins imperfectly in first Psalm on f. 40r: //Iudicabit in nationibus implebit ruinas... followed by Hours of the Cross and the Holy Spirit for Vespers. Compline begins on f. 44r in first Psalm: //adversus eum. Qui tribulant me exulta... followed by the Office of the Cross and Holy Spirit for Compline. ff. 47v-49v ruled but blank.

3. ff. 50r-58v Penitential Psalms beginning imperfectly with the second Psalm:

//meus inverteravi inter omnes inimicos meos...

4. ff. 59r-62 Litany of the Saints.

Saints include: Cypriani, Gervasi, Prothasi, Iuliani, Germane, Albine, Eligi, Egidi, Scholastica, Iuliana. Litany ends on f. 62v in prayer: Deus cui proprium est// Lacuna after f. 62v.

5. f. 63r-v Gospel of John beginning imperfectly:

//non erat lux... followed by prayer: Protector in te sperantium... [Perdrizet, 25]. Lacuna after f. 63.

6. ff. 64r-85v Office of the Dead begins imperfectly in Vespers:

//de morte: oculos meos a lacrimis... On f. 67v Matins ends abruptly in third Psalm: ... numquid irascitur per singulos dies// and resumes on f. 68r at the end of the first lesson: //quaesieris non subsistam... Text is otherwise complete. The responses to the lessons in Matins are: 1. Credo quod, 2. Qui lazarum, 3. Domine quando, 4. Deus michi, 5. Ne recorderis, 6. Domine secundum, 7. Peccantem me, 8. Requiem eternam, 9. Libera me.

Parchment. ff. i (paper) + 85 + ii (paper), modern foliation, 185 x 130 (96 x 62) mm. Written in 17 lines, ruled in red ink with single vertical bounding lines and double upper and single lower horizontal bounding lines, all full across. Remains of prickings on some leaves.

I-III6, IV8 (-2), V8 (-2, 3, 4), VI8 (-1, 5), VII8 (-1, 6), VIII8 (-2), IX8 (-1), X8 (-7), XI8 (-1, 6), XII-XIII8. Catchwords are placed in the lower margin of the verso, just left of center inside elaborate penwork scrolls enlived by human profiles in brown ink; some partly trimmed, some absent.

Written by a single scribe in textualis rotunda.

Text badly mutilated. Although traces of transferred ink from missing leaves can be discerned on the verso of several of the pages (i.e. ff. 19, 26, 63) suggesting a once-elaborate program of decoration, the remaining illuminations consist solely of the typical 2- and 1-line gold initials on a black-framed magenta and blue ground with white penline decoration; line fillers and, in the calendar, KL monograms in same style. Rubrication throughout in red.

Binding: seventeenth-century leather, blind-tooled front and back: gold-tooled fleur-de-lis in the four corners and a gold-tooled medallion in center.

Written in France in the fifteenth century. Provenance uncertain. Three genealogical entries in calendar in different hands below the text. On f. 4r: "le neuviesme avril mil sept cent un jay espouse ma femme Marie Rose de Lys fille et unique heriteuse de messire sebastien de Lys comte de Beause et de dame jeane de poysment contrat de mariage est raporte de jaunier notaire Royal a Biliers Nicolas Francois durand de Villegagner." In another hand on f. 5r: "Le 21 de may mil six cents septante et deux fut neé ma fille marie rose et fut nommée par mesire Jan du Boisgelin president a mortier et dame marie Despinose dame de fouesnel son aieuse maternelle."; on f. 6r in the same hand: "Le sixiesme de juin mil six cents septante et quatre fut né mon fils Jan Baptiste Auguste de Lys, fut nomme par Mesire Jan Babtiste de poise et par Dame Marguerite de poyse dame de [ ] son oncle et sa tante a St. Sauveur de Rénnes"; and on f. 10r in that hand: "le 14me octobre mil six cents septante j'espouse ma femme janne de poys fille aisnee de mesire Regnaud de pois et de marie despinose mon contrat de mariage est raporte de Bretin notaire royal a Rennes." On f. 85v: "Damoiselle Catherine fille de noble homme Michel Bonenfant sr. de la Brete et de Damoiselle roberde de Taillie son espouse fut née le xxviiie jour de Juillet lan xxviii. Laquelle espousa Noble homme Jean de Vauguelin Sr. d'hommay le penultime jour de Novembre Liii." Given to Bryn Mawr College in 1984 by Gertrude Leighton.


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Last Update: June 5, 2003