Solomon Asch Center for Study of Ethnopolitical Conflict
Solomon Asch Center 2003 Summer Institute Syllabus
University of Pennsylvania, June 2-August 8
Week 1.  Case Histories of Ethnopolitical Conflict
Northern Ireland--Brendan O’Leary (University of Pennsylvania)
Text of the Good Friday Agreement (Governments of Ireland and the United Kingdom—10 April 1998).
O’Leary, B. (1999). The nature of the agreement. Fordham International Law Journal, 22, 1628-1667.
McGarry, J., & O’Leary, B. (1995). Explaining Northern Ireland. Oxford: Blackwell.
Israel/Palestine--Ian Lustick (University of Pennsylvania)
Arnoni, M. S. Zionism as a movement of national liberation (pp. 1-17). Published by the Labour Zionist Movement.
De Reynier, J. (1971). Deir Yasin: April 10, 1948. In W. Khalidi (Ed.), From haven to conquest: Readings in Zionism and the Palestine problem until 1948 (pp. 761-770). Beirut: Institute for Palestine Studies.
Childers, E. B. (1971). The other exodus. In W. Khalidi (Ed.), From haven to conquest: Readings in Zionism and the Palestine problem until 1948 (pp. 795-806). Beirut: Institute for Palestine Studies.
Arlosoroff, C. (1948). Reflections on Zionist policy. Jewish Frontier (October), 49-53.
Jabotinsky, V. (1930). Sansom the Nazarite (pp. 172-180). London: Martin Secker.
Laqueur, W., and Rubin, B. (Eds.). (2001). The Israel-Arab reader: A documentary history of the Middle East conflict (Document 22: The Arab case for Palestine: Evidence submitted by the Arab Office, Jerusalem, to the Anglo-American Committee of Inquiry, March, 1946, pp. 94-104). New York: Penguin.
Sri Lanka--Jeanne Marecek (Swarthmore College) 
Rogers, J. D., Spencer, J., & Uyangoda, J. (1998). Sri Lanka: Political violence and ethnic conflict. American Psychologist, 53, 771-777.
Tambiah, S. J. (1986). Sri Lanka: Ethnic fratricide and the dismantling of democracy (pp. 1-18). Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Bartholomeusz, T. J., & de Silva, C. R. (Eds.). (1998). Buddhist fundamentalism and minority identities in Sri Lanka.  NY: State University of New York Press.
de Jong, K., Mulhern, M., Swan, A., & van der Kam, S. (Undated). Assessing trauma in Sri Lanka: Psycho-social questionnaire Vavuniya survey outcomes.  Amersterdam: Medecins Sans Frontieres.
South Africa--Harvey Glickman (Haverford College) 
Esman, M. (1994). Ethnic politics (South Africa: Multiple cleavages, pp. 75-110). Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
Miall, H., Ramsbotham, O., & Woodhouse T. (1999). Contemporary conflict resolution: The prevention, management and transformation of deadly conflict (Case study: South Africa, pp. 168-173). Oxford: Polity Press.
Jung, C. (2000). Then I was Black: South African political identities in transition (Slaying the hydra: Political institutions and the manipulation of identity, pp. 236-251). New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
Maphai, V. T. (1995). Liberal democracy and ethnic conflict in South Africa. In H. Glickman, (Ed.), Ethnic conflict and democratization in Africa (pp. 71-116). Atlanta, GA: African Studies Association Press.
Week 2.  Ethnic Identity: Models and Influences
Primordialist Approaches to Ethnic Identity and Related Issues
--Clark McCauley, Paul Rozin, & Francisco Gil-White (U. of Pennsylvania)
Keil, F. C. (1989). Concepts, kinds, and cognitive development (pp. 183-194). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Hirschfeld, L. (1996). Race in the making: Cognition, culture, and the child's construction of human kinds (Chapter 4). Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press.
Gil-White, F. J. (2001) Are ethnic groups biological “species” to the human brain?: Essentialism in our cognition of some social categories. Current Anthropology, 42, 515-554.
Medin, D. L., & Ortony, A.. (1989). Psychological essentialism. In S. Vosniadou & A. Ortony (Eds.), Similarity and analogical reasoning (pp. 179-195). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Gelman, S. A., & Medin, D. L. (1993). What's so essential about essentialism? A different perspective on the interaction of perception, language, and conceptual knowledge. Cognitive Development, 8, 157-167.
Constructivist Theories of Ethnic Identity--Ronald Suny (U. of Chicago)
Suny, R. G. (2001). Constructing primordialism: Old histories for new nations. Journal of Modern History, 73, 862-896.
Suny, R. G. (1993). The Revenge of the past: Nationalism, revolution, and the collapse of the Soviet Union (Chapter 1). Palo Alto, CA: Stanford University Press.
Instrumental Models of Ethnicity--Srirupa Roy (U. of Massachusetts-Amherst)
Brass, P. (1996). Ethnic groups and ethnic identity formation. In J. Hutchinson & A. Smith (Eds.), Ethnicity (pp. 85-90). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Laitin, D. D. (1986). Hegemony and culture: Politics and religious change among the Yoruba (Chapter 1, pp. 1-20). Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Slezkine, Y. (1994). The USSR as a communal apartment, or how the Soviet state promoted ethnic particularism. Slavic Review, 53, 414-52.
Mackey, E. (1999). The house of difference: Cultural politics and national identity in Canada (Chapter 3, pp. 50-70). London & New York: Routledge.
Post-Colonialism and Ethnic Identity--Steve Rubenstein (Ohio University)
Rubenstein, S. (2002). Alejandro Tsakimp: A Shuar healer in the margins of history (pp. 3-15). Lincoln NE: University of Nebraska Press.
Taussig, M. (1991). The nervous system (Violence and resistance in the Americas: The legacy of conquest, pp. 37-52). New York: Routledge.
Sider, G. M. (1993). Lumbee Indian histories: Race, ethnicity, and Indian identity in the southern United States (pp. 3-15, 51-52, 91-115). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Mamdani, M. (2002). Good Muslim, bad Muslim: A political perspective on culture and terrorism. American Anthropologist, 104, 766-775.
Sider, G. M. (1993). Lumbee Indian histories: Race, ethnicity, and Indian identity in the southern United States (pp. 181-211). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Rosaldo, R. (1989). Culture & truth: The remaking of social analysis (pp. 147-195). Boston: Beacon Press.
Week 3.  The Psychology of Group Identification and Intergroup Conflict
Theories of Intergroup Aggression--Marc Ross (Bryn Mawr College)
Hardin, R. (1995). One for all: The logic of group conflict (pp. 3-25). Princeton NJ: Princeton University Press.
Ross, M. H. (1993). The culture of conflict: Interpretations and interests in comparative perspective (pp. 33-50). New Haven & London: Yale University Press.
Taylor, D. M., & Moghaddam, F. M. (1987). Realistic group conflict theory. In D. M. Taylor & F. M. Moghaddam (Eds.), Theories of intergroup relations: International social psychological perspectives (pp. 33-57). New York: Praeger.
Axelrod, R. (1984). The evolution of cooperation (Chapters 1, 2, & 4). New York: Basic Books.
Sherif, M., O. J. Harvey, O. J., White, B. J., Hood, W. R., & Sherif, C. W. (1961). Intergroup conflict and cooperation: The Robbers’ Cave experiment. Norman, OK: Oklahoma Book Exchange.
LeVine, R.A. & Campbell, D.T. (1972). Realistic group conflict theory (Chapter 3, pp. 29-42). In Ethnocentrism: Theories of conflict, ethnic attitudes and group behavior. New York: John Wiley.
Brewer, M., & Brown, R. (1998). Intergroup relations. In D.T. Gilbert, S.T. Fiske, & G. Lindzey (Eds.), The handbook of social psychology, 4th Edition, Volume II (pp. 554-594). New York: McGraw-Hill.
Tyler, T. & Smith, H. (1998). Social justice and social movements. In D.T. Gilbert, S.T. Fiske, & G. Lindzey (Eds.), The handbook of social psychology, 4th Edition, Volume II (pp. 595-629). New York: McGraw-Hill.
Walker, I., & Mann, L. (1987). Unemployment, relative deprivation, and social protest. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 13, 275-283.
Developmental and Cultural Origins of Ingroup and Outgroup Aggression--Marc Ross (Bryn Mawr College)
Ross, M.H. (1993). The management of conflict: Interpretations and interests in comparative perspective (pp. 1-34). New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
Ross, M. H. (2002). The political psychology of narratives: September 11 and beyond. In C. Calhoun, P. Price & A. Timmer (Eds.), Understanding September 11 (pp. 303-20 & 422-27). New York: New Press.
Volkan, V. (1997). Blood lines: From ethnic pride to ethnic terrorism (pp. 3-49). New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux.
Ross, M.H. (2001). Psychocultural interpretations and dramas: Identity dynamics in ethnic conflict. Political Psychology, 22, 157-178.
Ross, M .H. (1995). Psychocultural interpretation theory and peacemaking in ethnic conflicts. Political Psychology, 16, 523-544.
Ignatieff, M. (1995). Nationalism and the narcissism of minor differences. Queen's Quarterly, Spring, 13-26.
Volkan, V. (1985). The need to have enemies and allies: A developmental approach. Political Psychology, 6, 219-247.
Montville, J. V. (1991). Psychoanalytic enlightenment and the greening of diplomacy. In V. D. Volkan, J. V. Montville & D. A. Julius (Eds.), The psychodynamics of international relationships. Volume II: Unofficial diplomacy at work (pp. 177-192). Lexington, MA: Lexington Books.
Volkan, V. D. (1999). Psychoanalysis and diplomacy: Part I. Individual and large group identity. Journal of Applied Psychoanalytic Studies, 1, 29-55.
Self Identity Theory, Self-Categorization Theory, and Intergroup Conflict—Leonie Huddy (SUNY at Stony Brook)
Huddy, L. (2003). Group identity and political cohesion. In D. O. Sears, L. Huddy, & R. Jervis (Eds.), The handbook of political psychology (pp. 511-558). New York: Oxford University Press.
Huddy, L. (2001). From social to political identity: A critical examination of social identity theory. Political Psychology, 22, 127-156.
General Resources – Monographs, ,Texts & Edited Volumes
Abrams, D. & M.A. Hogg. 1998. Social identity and social cognition. Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishers.
Ashmore, R., L. Jussim, and D. Wilder. 2000. Social Identity, Inter-group conflict and Conflict Resolution.  New York: Oxford University Press.
Ellemers, N., R. Spears, & B. Doosje (eds.), Social identity context, commitment, and content. Oxford: Blackwell.
Reicher, S. & Hopkins, N. 2001. Self and nation: Categorization, Contestation and Mobilization. London: Sage.
Worchel, S., J.F. Morales, Paez, D., & J.C. Deschamps. 1998. Social identity: International perspectives. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Social Identity Theory-- Basics
Turner, John C. 1996. “Henri Tajfel: An Introduction.” In W. Peter Robinson (Ed.), Social groups and Identities: Developing the Legacy of Henri Tajfel. Bodmin, Cornwall: Butterworth-Heinemann.
Tajfel, Henri. 1981. Human Groups and Social Categories. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. (Chapter 4, The Importance of Exaggerating; Chapter 12, Social Categorization, Social Identity, and Social Comparison; Chapter 13, The Achievement of Group Differentiation.)
Tajfel, Henri and Turner, John C. 1979. An Integrative Theory of Intergroup Conflict. in W. G. Austin and S. Worchel (Eds.), The Social Psychology of Intergroup Relations. Monterey, CA: Brooks/Cole.
Turner, John C. 1987. Rediscovering the Social Group: A Self-Categorization Theory. Oxford: Basil Blackwell.
Social Identity and Reactions to Threat
Ethier, Kathleen A., and Kay Deaux. 1994. “Negotiating Social Identity When Contexts Change: Maintaining Identification and Responding to Threat.” Journal of Personality & Social Psychology 67 (2):243-251.
Brown, R., Maras, P., Masser, B., Vivian, J., & Hewstone, M. (2001). Life on the ocean wave: testing some intergroup hypotheses in a naturalistic setting. Group Processes and Intergroup Relations, 4, 81-97.
Cadinu, M. R., & Cerchioni, M. (2001). Compensatory biases after ingroup threat: ‘Yeah, but we have a good personality’. European Journal of Social Psychology, 31, 353-367.
Greenberg, J., Pyszczynski, T., Solomon, S., Rosenblatt, A., Veeded, M., & Kirkland, S. (1990). Evidence for terror management theory II: The effects of mortality salience,on reactions to those who threaten or bolster the cultural world view. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 58, 308-318. 
Jetten, J., Branscombe, N.R., Schmitt, M.T., & Spears, R.  (2001).  Rebels with a cause: Group identification as a response to perceived discrimination from the mainstream.  Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 27, 1204-1213.
Schimel, J., Simon, L., Greenberg, J., Pyszczynski, T., Solomon, S., Waxmonsky, J., &  Arndt, J. (1999). Stereotypes and terror management: Evidence that mortality salience enhances steretoypic thinking and preferences.  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 77: 905-26.
Social Identity and Collective Action
Gurr, T. R., & Moore, W.H. (1997). Ethnopolitical rebellion: A cross-sectional analysis of the 1980s with risk assessments for the 1990s. American Journal of Political Science, 41, 1079-1103.
Kawakami, K. and Dion, K. (1993). The impact of salient self-identities on relative deprivation and action intentions. European Journal of Social Psychology, 23: 525-540.
Klandermans, B. (1984). Mobilization and participation: Social-psychological expansions of resource mobilization theory. American Sociological Review, 49: 583-600.
Klandermans, P.G. 2003. Collective Political Action. In D.O. Sears, L. Huddy, and R. Jervis. Oxford Handbook of Political Psychology.
Simon, B., Loewy, M., Sturmer, S., Weber, U., Freytag, P., Habig, C., Kampmeier, C., & Spahlinger, P. (1998). Collective identification and social movement participation. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 74: 646-658.
Simon, B., & Klandermans, B. (2001). Politicized collective identity: A social psychological analysis. American Psychologist, 56: 319-331.
Wright, S.C., Taylor, D.T., & Moghaddam, F.M. (1990). Responding to membership in a disadvantaged group:  From acceptance to collective protest. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 58:994-1003.
National Identity in Different Contexts
Brady, H. E., & Kaplan, C.S. (In press). Categorically wrong: Nominal versus graded measures of ethnic identity. Studies in Comparative International Development.
Breakwell, G. M. (1996). Identity Processes and Social Change. In Breakwell, G. M., & Lyons, E. (Eds.) Changing European identities: Social psychological analyses of social change. Oxford: Butterworth-Heinemann. (pp. 13-30)
Citrin, J., Wong, C., & Duff, B. (2001). The meaning of American national identity: Patterns of ethnic conflict and consensus. In R. D. Ashmore & L. Jussim (Eds), Social identity, intergroup conflict, and conflict reduction. Londond, England, Oxford University Press.
Cohen, A.P. (1986). Of symbols and boundaries, or, does Ertie's greatcoat hold the key? In A.P. Cohen (Ed.), Symbolising boundaries: Identity and diversity in British cultures. Manchester: Manchester University Press.
Condor, S. (1996). Unimagined community? Some social psychological issues concerning English national identity. In Breakwell, G. M., & Lyons, E. (Eds.) Changing European Identities: Social Psychological Analyses of Social Change. Oxford: Butterworth-Heinemann. (pp. 41-68).
Hopkins, N., & Reicher, S. (1996). The construction of social categories and processes of social change: Arguing about national identities. In Breakwell, G. M., & Lyons, E. (Eds.) Changing European identities: Social psychological analyses of social change. Oxford: Butterworth-Heinemann. (pp. 69-94)
Horowitz, D. L. (1985). Ethnic groups in conflict. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Mummendey, A., Klink,A., & Brown, R. (2001). Nationalism and patriotism: National identification and Out-group Rejection. British Journals of Social Psychology 40: 159-172. 
Reicher, S. (1982). The determination of collective behavior. In H. Tajfel (Ed.), Social Identity and Intergroup Relations. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Sidanius, J., Feshbach, S., Levin, S., & Pratto, F. (1997). The interface between ethnic and national attachment:  Ethnic pluralism or ethnic dominance? Public Opinion Quarterly 61:102-133.
Group Dynamics, Group Stereotypes and Group Identification--Clark McCauley (Bryn Mawr College)
McCauley, C. R. (1998). Group dynamics in Janis’s theory of groupthink: Backward and forward. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 73, 142-162.
McCauley, C. R. (2001). The psychology of group identification and the power of ethnic nationalism. In D. Chirot & M. E. P. Seligman (Eds.), Ethnopolitical warfare: Causes, consequences, and possible solutions (pp. 343-362). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
Week 4.  Social Movements, Political Violence, and Terrorism
Social Movement Theories & Political Violence I--Bert Klandermans (Free University-Amersterdam)
Klandermans, B. (2001). Why social movements come into being and why people join them. In J. Blau (Ed.), The Blackwell companion to sociology (pp. 268-281). Oxford: Blackwell.
Klandermans, B. (1997). The social psychology of protest (pp. 14-92). Oxford: Blackwell.
McAdam, D., Tarrow, S., & Tilly, C. (2001). Dynamics of contention. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Klandermans, B. (1997). The social psychology of protest. Oxford: Blackwell.
Tarrow, S. (1998). Power in movement: Social movements and contentious politics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Social Movement Theories & Political Violence II--Bert Klandermans (Free University-Amersterdam)
Tarrow, S. (1998). Power in movement: Social movements and contentious politics (pp.71-138). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Klandermans,B., Staggenborg, S., & Tarrow, S. (2002). Blending methods and building theories in social movement research. In B. Klandermans & S. Staggenborg (Eds.), Methods of social movement research (pp. 314-349). Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.
Psychology and Sociology of Terrorism--Clark McCauley (Bryn Mawr College
McCauley, C. (2002). Psychological issues in understanding terrorism and the response to terrorism. In C. E. Stout (Ed.), The psychology of terrorism: Theoretical understandings and perspectives (Volume III) (pp. 3-29). Westport CT: Praeger.
McCauley, C. (1991). Terrorism, research, and public policy: An overview. In C. McCauley (Ed.), Terrorism research and public policy (pp. 126-154). London: Frank Cass.
The Psychosocial Impact of Terror: Primary Prevention & Public Health Approaches--Col. Ann Norwood, MD (Uniformed Military University)
Hall, M. J., Norwood, A. E., Ursano, R. J., Fullerton, C. S., & Levinson, C. J. (2002). Psychological and behavioral impacts of bioterrorism. PTSD Research Quarterly, 13, 1-7.
Glass, T. A., & Schoch-Spana, M. (2002). Bioterrorism and the people: How to vaccinate a city against panic. Clinical Infectious Diseases, 34 (January 15).
Barbera, J., Macintyre, A., Gostin, L., Inglesby, T., O’Toole, T., DeAtley, C., Tonat, K., & Layton, M. (2001). Large-scale quarantine following biological terrorism in the United States: Scientific examination, logistic and legal limits, and possible consequences.  Journal of the American Medical Association, 286 (21), 2711-2717.
Holloway, H. C., Norwood, A. E., Fullerton, C. S., Engel, C. C., & Ursano, R. J. (1997). The threat of biological weapons: Prophylaxis and mitigation of psychological and social consequences. Journal of the American Medical Association, 278 (5), 425-427.
DiGiovanni, C. (1999). Domestic terrorism with chemical or biological agents: Psychiatric aspects. American Journal of Psychiatry, 156, 1500-1505.
Week 5.  Genocide and Gross Human Rights Violations
History of Genocide--Daniel Chirot (U. of Washington)
Jowitt, K. (2001). Ethnicity: Nice, nasty, and nihilistic. In D. Chirot & M. E. P. Seligman (Eds.), Ethnopolitical warfare: Causes, consequences, and possible solutions (pp. 27-36). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
Adanir, F. (2001). Armenian deportations and massacres in 1915. In D. Chirot & M. E. P. Seligman (Eds.), Ethnopolitical warfare: Causes, consequences, and possible solutions (pp. 71-81). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
Kiernan, B. (2001). The ethnic element in the Cambodian genocide. In D. Chirot & M. E. P. Seligman (Eds.), Ethnopolitical warfare: Causes, consequences, and possible solutions (pp. 83-91). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
Prunier, G. (2001). Genocide in Rwanda. In D. Chirot & M. E. P. Seligman (Eds.), Ethnopolitical warfare: Causes, consequences, and possible solutions (pp. 109-116). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
Rebel Group Atrocities--Jeremy Weinstein (Harvard U.)
Kalyvas, S. (2002). The logic of violence in civil war. Universidad Autónoma de Madrid Working Paper (pp. 1-23).
Snyder, J., & Jervis, R. (1999). Civil war and the security dilemma. In B. Walter & J. Snyder (Eds.), Civil wars, insecurity, and intervention (pp. 15-37). New York: Columbia University Press.
Weinstein, J. (2003). Rebel groups and the use of force (pp. 1-34). Unpublished manuscript.
Kalyvas, S. (2001). ‘New’ and ‘old’ civil wars: A valid distinction? World Politics, 54, 99-118.
Mueller, J. (2000). “The banality of ethnic war. International Security, 25, 42-70.
International Law and Minority Rights--Kristin Henrard (U. of Groningen, Netherlands)
Henrard, K. (2000). Devising an adequate system of minority protection: Individual human rights, minority rights, and the right to self determination (pp. 3-15, 56-71, 141-146). The Hague: M. Nijhoff.
Pejic, J. (1997). Minority rights in international law. Human Rights Quarterly, 19, 666-685.
von Toggenburg, G. (2001). A rough orientation through a delicate relationship: The EU's endeavours for its minorities. In S. Trifunovska & F. de Varennes (Eds.), Minority rights in Europe: European minorities and languages (pp. 205-208, 216-219, 228-234). The Hague: Asser Press.
Spiliopoulou Akermark, A. (1997). Justifications of minority protection in international law. Kluwer.
Cumper, P., & Wheatley, S. (1999). Minority rights in the new Europe. Martinus Nijhoff.
Kymlicka, W. (Ed.). (1995). The rights of minority cultures. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Trifunovska, S. (Ed.). (2001). Minority rights in Europe: European minorities and languages. Asser Press.
The International Supervision and Protection of Romany People in Europe, Nijmegen University Press, 2002.
Phillips, A., & Rosas, A. (Eds.). (1995). Universal minority rights. Minority Rights Group.
Kymlicka, W., & Shapiro, I. (Eds.). (1997). Ethnicity and group rights. New York: NYU Press.
Musgrave, T. D. (1997). Self determination and national minorities. Clarendon Press.
Humphrey, J. (1986). Preventing discrimination and positive protection for minorities: Aspects of international law. Cahiers de droit., 23-29.
Week 6.  Institutional Frameworks in Working with Refugees and Survivors of Violence
Legal and Social Realities of Forced Migration—Douglas Massey (University of Pennsylvania)
Lundquist, J. H., & Massey, D. S. (2003). The Contra War and Nicaraguan migration to the U.S. Unpublished manuscript.
Education & Related Development Issues for Refugees--Beverlee Bruce (Social Science Research Council)
Sinclair, M. (2001). Education in emergencies. In J. Crisp, C. Talbot, & D. Cipollone (Eds.), Learning for a future: Refugee education in developing countries (Chapter 1). Geneva: UNHCR.
Sommers, M. (2001). Peace education and refugee youth. In J. Crisp, C. Talbot, & D. Cipollone (Eds.), Learning for a future: Refugee education in developing countries (Chapter 4). Geneva: UNHCR.
Can Humanitarianism Be a Profession?—Peter Walker (Tufts University)
Slim, H. (2002). By what authority? The legitimacy and accountability of non-governmental organisations. Journal of Humanitarian Assistance (Document Posted: 10 March 2002
Walker, P. (2000). Whose disaster is it anyway? Rights, responsibilities. Journal of Humanitarian Assistance (Document Posted: 3 June 2000
Barry, J., & Jefferys, A. (2002). A bridge too far: Aid agencies and the military in humanitarian response. HPN Network Paper 37 (
Collinson, S., Bhatia, M., Evans, M., Fanthorpe, R., Goodhand, J., Jackson, S. (2002). Politically informed humanitarian programming: Using a political economy approach. HPN Network Paper 41 (
Moore, J. (Ed.). (1998). Hard choices: Moral dilemmas in humanitarian intervention. Oxford: Rowman & Littlefield.
Minear, L. (2002). The humanitarian enterprise: Dilemma and discoveries. Bloomfield, CT: Kumarian Press.
Critique of Psychosocial Interventions: The Politics of Trauma--Vanessa Pupavac (University of Nottingham)
Durodie, W., & Wessely, S. (2002) Resilience or panic? The public and the terrorist attack. The Lancet (14 December, pp. 1901-1902)
Furedi, F. (2002) Drug control and the ascendancy of Britain's therapeutic culture. In J. L. Nolan (Ed.), Drug courts in theory and practice (pp. 219-223). Hawthorne: Aldine de Gruyter.
de Jong, K., Ford, N., & Kleber, R. J. (1999). Mental health care for refugees from Kosovo: The experience of Médecins Sans Frontičres. The Lancet, 353, 1616–1617.
de Jong, K., Mulhern, M., Ford, N., van der Kam, S., & Kleber, R. J. (2000). The trauma of war in Sierra Leone. The Lancet, 355, 2067–2070.
Pupavac, Vanessa (2001) Therapeutic governance: Psycho-social intervention and trauma risk management. Disasters, 25, pp. 358-372.
     Any one the following three:
Summerfield, D. (1999). A critique of seven assumptions behind psychological trauma programmes in war-affected areas. Social Science and Medicine, 48, pp. 1449-1462.
Summerfield, D. (2001). The invention of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder and the social usefulness of a psychiatric study. British Medical Journal, 322, pp. 95-98.
Summerfield, D. (2000). Childhood, war refugeedom and “trauma”: Three core questions for mental health professionals. Transcultural Psychiatry, 37, pp. 417-433.
Bracken, P. (2002) Trauma: culture, meaning and philosophy (Chapter 1, pp. 5-8; Chapter 4, pp. 63-81; Chapter 11, pp. 214-220) UK: Whurr Publishers.
Bracken, P., & Petty, C. (Eds). (1998). Rethinking the trauma of war. London: Free Association Books.
Cairns, E. (1996). Children and political violence. Oxford: Blackwell.
Herman, E. (1995). The romance of American psychology: Political culture in the age of experts. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Pupavac, V. (2002). Pathologizing populations and colonizing minds: International psychosocial programs in Kosovo. Alternatives, 27, pp. 489-511.
Pupavac, V. (2002) Afghanistan: The risk of international psychosocial risk management. Health in emergencies, 12, pp. 1-2.
Scott, W. J. (1993). The politics of readjustment: Vietnam veterans since the war (chapters 1, 2 and 3, pp. 1-72). New York: Aldine de Gruyter,
Scott, W. J. (1990). PTSD in DSM-III: A case in the politics of diagnosis and disease. Social Problems, 37, pp. 294-310.
Shephard, B. (2000). War of nerves: Soldiers and psychiatrists 1914-1994. London: Jonathan Cape.
Young, A. (1995. The harmony of illusions: Inventing Post Traumatic Stress Disorder. Princeton NJ: Princeton University Press.
Week 7.  Individual and Family Issues in Working with Refugees and Survivors of Violence
Psychological Impact of Disasters on Victims and Helpers—Fran Norris (Dartmouth College)
Norris, F. H. (2002). Psychosocial consequences of disasters. PTSD Research Quarterly, 13, 1-8.
Norris, F. H., Friedman, M. J., Watson, P. J., Byrne, C. M., Diaz, E., & Kaniasty, K. (2002). 60,000 disaster victims speak: Part I. An empirical review of the empirical literature. Psychiatry, 65(3), 207-239.
Norris, F. H., Friedman, M. J., & Watson, P. J. (2002). 60,000 disaster victims speak: Part II. Summary and implications of the disaster mental health research. Psychiatry, 65(3), 240-260.
Psychosocial Approaches with Refugees --Arancha Garcia del Soto (University of Pennsylvania)
Ager, A. (1999). Perspectives on the Refugee Experience. In A. Ager (Ed.), Refugees: Perspectives on the experience of forced migration (pp. 1-23). London: Pinter
van der Veer. G. (1998). Counseling and Therapy with Refugees and Victims of Trauma (The experiences of refugees, pp. 1-26). NY: John Wiley & Sons.
Beristain, C. M. (1999). Humanitarian aid: Discussing the premises (Introduction) and The Experience of Overseas Workers and NGOs (Chapter 6), in Rebuilding the social fabric: A critical approach to humanitarian aid (translation from original Spanish; English version in press).
Weine, S. (2000). Survivor families and their strengths: Learning from Bosnians after genocide. Other Voices, v. 2, n.1 (February).
Coomaraswamy, R. (2002). Sexual violence during wartime. Nethra (ICES, Colombo). vol. 5, n. 2. (April-June).
Martin Baro, I. (1994). The psychological value of violent political repression (Chapter 9) and Public opinion research as a de-ideologizing instrument (Chapter 11). In A. Aron, & S. Corne (Eds.), Writings for a liberation psychology. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
Thomas, E. & Rappaport, J. (1996). Art as a community narrative: A resource for social change (Chapter 16). In B. Lykes, A. Banuazi, R. Liem, & M. Morris, (Eds), Myths about the Powerless. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.
Agger, I. (1999). The role of psychosocial projects in the peace building process: The clean and the unclean. In Rape is a War Crime. Conference by ICMPD and the Odysseus Project, EU (June).
Maynard, K.A. (1999). Communities in conflict (Chapter 5). In Healing communities in conflict:  International assistance in complex emergencies. NY: Columbia University Press.
Somasundaram, D., Sivayokan & Joop de Jong (Eds). (2000). Helping (Chapter 1) and Tamil community and its traditional resources (Chapter 2). In Mental Health in the Tamil Community, Psychosocial Manual. Jaffna: TPO.
Cooke, B & Kothari, U. (2001). Participation: The new tyranny? NY: Zed Books.
Summerfield, D. (2002). Effects of war: moral knowledge, revenge, reconciliation, and medicalised concepts of "recovery". British Medical Journal, 325,1105-1107.
Trauma Interventions in Conflict--John Hubbard (Center for Victims of Torture, Minnesota)
Hubbard, J., & Pearson, N. (forthcoming). A psychosocial program to address massive community violence experienced by refugees from Sierra Leone. K. Miller & L. Rasco (Eds.), The mental health of refugees: Ecological approaches to facilitating healing and adaptation. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
Needs Assessment: Quantitative and Qualitative Approaches--Paul Bolton (Johns Hopkins University)
Week 8.  Community and Human Rights Approaches
Children and Armed Conflict--Michael Wessells (Randolph Macon College)
Garbarino, J., & Kostelny, K. (1996).  The effects of political violence on Palestinian children's behavior problems: A risk accumulation model. Child Development, 67, 33-45. 
Macksoud, M. S., & Aber, J. L. (1996).  The war experiences and psychosocial development of children in Lebanon. Child Development, 67, 70-88.
Wessells, M. G., & Monteiro, C. (2001). Psychosocial interventions and post-war reconstruction in Angola: Interweaving Western and traditional approaches.  In D. Christie, R. V. Wagner, & D. Winter (Eds.), Peace, conflict, and violence: Peace psychology for the 21st century (pp. 262-275). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice-Hall. 
Ahearn, F. (Ed.)(2000), Psychosocial wellness of refugees. New York: Berghahn.
Cairns, E. (1996). Children and political violence. Cambridge: Blackwell.
Machel, G. (2001). The impact of war on children. Cape Town: David Philip.
Ethics of Development: Workers & Academics--Michael Wessells (Randolph Macon College)
Martin-Baro, I. (1994). Writings for a liberation psychology (War and mental health, pp. 108-121). Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
Straker, G. (1994). Ethical issues in working with children in war zones. In R. J. Apfel & B. Simon (Eds.), Minefields in their hearts (pp. 18-32). New Haven: Yale University Press.
Wessells, M. G. (1999). Culture, power, and community: Intercultural approaches to psychosocial assistance and healing. In K. Nader, N. Dubrow, & B. Stamm (Eds.), Honoring differences: Cultural issues in the treatment of trauma and loss (pp. 276-282). New York: Taylor & Francis.
Anderson, M. (1999). Do no harm: How Aid can support peace—or war.  Boulder: Lynne Rienner.
Bracken, P., & Petty, C. (Eds.)(1998). Rethinking the trauma of war. New York: Free Association.
Honwana, A. (1997).  Healing for peace: Traditional healers and post-war reconstruction in Southern Mozambique. Peace and Conflict: Journal of Peace Psychology, 3, 293-305.
Local Women’s Initiatives/Action Research--Brinton Lykes (Boston University)
Smith, S. E., Willms, D. G, & Johnson, N. A. (Eds.) (1997). Nurtured by knowledge: Learning to do participatory action-research (pp. 173-263). New York: The Apex Press.
Lykes, M. B. (1999). (In collaboration with A. Caba Mateo, J. Chávez Anay, I. A. Laynez Caba, U. Ruiz & J. W.Williams. Telling stories – rethreading lives: Community education, women’s development and social change among the Maya Ixil. International Journal of Leadership in Education: Theory and Practice, 2, 207-227.
Asociación de la Mujer Maya Ixil (ADMI) and M. Brinton Lykes. (2000) Voices and Images: Mayan Ixil women of Chajul/Voces e imágenes: Mujeres Maya Ixiles de Chajul.  Guatemala City, Guatemala: MagnaTerra.
Charmaz, K. (2000).  Grounded theory: Objectivist and constructivist methods. In N. K. Denzin and Y. S. Lincoln (Eds.), Handbook of qualitative research (2nd ed., pp. 509-535). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Fine, M. (1992). Passions, politics, and power: Feminist research possibilities. In M. Fine (Ed.), Disruptive voices: The possibilities of feminist research (pp. 205-231). Ann Arbor MI: University of Michigan Press.
Gluck, S.B. (1991). Advocacy oral history: Palestinian women in resistance. In S. B. Gluck & D. Patai (Eds.), Women's words: The feminist practice of oral history (pp. 205-219). New York: Routledge.
Lykes, M. B. (1996). Meaning making in a context of genocide and silencing. In M. B. Lykes, A. Banuazizi, R. Liem & M. Morris (Eds.), Myths about the powerless:  Contesting social inequalities (pp. 159-178). Philadelphia, PA: Temple U. Press.
Lykes, M. B. in collaboration with ADMI (2001). Creative arts and photography in participatory action research in Guatemala. In P. Reason & H. Bradbury (Eds.), Handbook of action research: Participative inquiry and practice (pp. 363-371).. Thousand Oaks and London: Sage.
Maguire, P. (1987). Doing participatory research:  A feminist approach. Amherst, MA: Center for International Education.
Patai, D. (1991). U.S. Academics and Third World women: Is ethical research possible? In S. B. Gluck & D. Patai (Eds.), Women's words: The feminist practice of oral history (pp. 137-153). New York: Routledge.
Reason, P. & Bradbury, H. (Eds.) (2001) Handbook of action research: Participative inquiry & practice. London & Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Wang, C., & Burris, M. (1997). Photovoice: Concept, methodology, and use for participatory needs assessment. Health Education & Behavior, 24, 369-387.
Wilkinson, S. (1999). Focus groups: A feminist method. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 23, 221-244.
Unger, R. (1999). Commentary: comments on “focus groups.” Psychology of Women Quarterly, 23, 245-246.
Evolution of International Human Rights: From the Holocaust to the 21st Century —Harry Reicher (University of Pennsylvania)
Reicher, H. (2002). Law and the Holocaust: Cases and materials. Unpublished manuscript (Fifth preliminary edition).
Week 9.  States and the Regulation of Ethnic Group Differences
Political Designs I-- Multicultural Liberalism and Integration--Will Kymlicka (Queen’s University-Canada)
O’Leary, B. (2001). The elements of right-sizing and right-peopling the state. In B. O’Leary, I. S. Lustick, & T. Callaghy (Eds.), Right-sizing the state: The politics of moving borders (pp. 15-73). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Kymlicka, W. (2002). Contemporary political philosophy: An introduction (Multiculturalism, pp. 327-376). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Political Designs II—Assimilation and Nation-Building--Margaret Moore (Queen’s University-Canada)
Moore, M. (2001). The ethics of nationalism (pp. 102-133). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Political Designs III—Partition and Consociation--Brendan O’Leary (University of Pennsylvania)
Kaufmann, C. (1998). When all else fails: Ethnic partitions and population transfers in the twentieth century. International Security, 23, 120-156.
Sambanis, N. (2000). Partition as a solution to ethnic war: An empirical critique of the theoretical literature. World Politics, 52, 437-483.
Lijphart, A. (1969). Consociational democracy. World Politics, 21, 207-225.
Lustick, I. S. (1997). Lijphart, Lakatos, and consociationalism. World Politics, 50, 88-117.
Kaufmann, C. (1996). Possible and impossible solutions to ethnic civil wars. International Security, 20, 136-175.
O’Leary PDF
O’Leary PDF
Political Designs IV—Federation and Control--John McGarry (Queen’s University-Canada)
Bunce, V. (2003). Is ethnofederalism the solution or the problem? Unpublished manuscript.
Snyder, J. (2000). From voting to violence: Democratization and nationalist conflict (pp. 199-210). New York: W. W. Norton, 2000).
Lustick, I. (1979). Stability in deeply divided societies: Consociationalism versus Control. World Politics, 31, 325-44.
Kymlicka, W. (1998). Is federalism a viable alternative to secession? In P. Lehning (Ed.), Theories of secession (pp. 111-50). London: Routledge.
Roeder, P. (1991). Soviet federalism and ethnic mobilization. World Politics, 43, 196-232.
O'Leary, B., & McGarry, J. (1996). The politics of antagonism: Understanding Northern Ireland (Chapters 3 & 4). London: Athlone Press.
Week 10.  Conflict Resolution & Discussion of Research Proposals
Problem-Solving Conflict Resolution Approaches-Part I--Donna Hicks & William Weisberg (Harvard University)
Kelman, H. C. (1992). Informal mediation by the scholar/practitioner. In J. Bercovitch, & J. Rubin, (Eds.), Mediation in international relations: Multiple approaches to conflict management (pp. 64-96). New York: St. Martin’s Press.
Burton, J. (1987). Resolving deep-rooted conflict: A handbook (pp. 3-28). Lanham, MD: University Press of America.
Donnelly, J. (1992). Twentieth-century realism. In T. Nardin & D. Mapel (Eds.), Traditions of international ethics (pp. 85-111).
Hicks, D., & Weisberg, W. (in press). Extending the interactive problem-solving method: Addressing multiple levels of conflict, unacknowledged trauma, and responsibility. In A. H. Eagly, R. M. Baron, & V. L. Hamilton, (Eds.), The social psychology of group identity and social conflict: Theory, application, and practice. Washington, DC: APA Books.
Fellow Research Proposals
            Research Proposals to be distributed